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Psyllium plantain - Plantago psyllium (L.)

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Pound cake - Plantago arenaria (W.K.) 
Psyllium plantain - Plantago psyllium (L.) 
Family - Plantaginaceae 

Description 

Pound cake - an annual plant growing up to 40 cm high, leaves linear, opposite foliage, flowers - spikes placed in the top corners of the leaves, długoszypułkowe, krótkojajowate; pituitary hairy on the back, the two highest and two lowest, without perianth, while the front two parcels cup healed and two rear free and ciliate; floral crowns are about 4 mm long, the tube glabrous, white patches brunatnawo; fruit - bag dwunasienna. It blooms from June to September. It grows in the lowlands. It likes sandy soil. 

Grandmother psyllium - annual plant growing up to 40 cm high, stem branched, leaves linear, distantly serrated edge, parallel foliage, flowers collected in inflorescence spherical, brown, fruit - bag of popcorn with two colors of brown seeds, root fusiform. It blooms in the second half of June and July. It grows in the countries of Western Europe and South America. Often grown for pharmaceutical purposes, such as in India, France, Japan, Spain and Poland. 

Raw material 

He collects seeds - Semen Psylli. It can be purchased in stores herbs (Agropharm, Herbapol). The crops and from their natural state they are recovered from August to October and dry at normal temperature. 

Chemical composition 

Seeds of these grandmothers include locks (about 12%), oil, fat (about 3%), aukubinę, tannins, galacturonic acid, starch, rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, flavonoids, proteins, salts and others. 

Action: coating (protective), anti-inflammatory, antitussive, slightly laxative, and after osłodzeniu honey - expectorant. 

Indications: 

-Externally - Eyewash (babies) for the purposes of hygiene, compresses to the skin for inflammation, dryness, and in order to clean it, for compresses on the eyes in inflammation, łzawieniu and fatigue and swelling, rinse dry and damaged hair and for preventive purposes, for rinsing the genital inflammation and irritation. 

-Internally: peptic ulcer, inflammation of the mouth, throat, stomach and intestines, diarrhea, constipation, digestive disorders, the use of synthetic drugs that can damage the lining of the digestive tract, coughing, hoarseness, inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes. 

-Enema rectal itching, irritation and inflammation of the rectum, urge to pass stools during indigestion and diarrhea, constipation, painful passing of stool, inflammation of the colon. 

Formulations, dosage use:

  • - Infusion (2 tablespoons of seeds per 200 ml water) - several times a journal of the 100-150 ml can be administered to infants, compresses, rinsing, washing. 
  • - Decoction - used as a herbal tea. 
  • - Pap - given to infants with constipation. 
  • - Seeds soaked in hot milk - spoons given to infants three times a plot when you cough and constipation. 
  • - Seeds cooked in a brew chamomile - several times a journal of the


100-200 ml in digestive disorders, diarrhea and constipation, also administered to infants. 
· Mask for dry skin, wrinkled, fragile: 4 tablespoons of the seeds of his grandmother, 3 tablespoons of flax seeds and 4 tablespoons yarrow or chamomile flower pour 2 cups boiling water, boil, let stand for 30 minutes and strain. Patches of cotton or cloth soaked in warm liquid and applied to the skin defatted, hold 40 min., Remove and wash the skin in the rest of us the amount of stock, do not wipe but allow to dry. Moisturizing mask works, nourishing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, cleansing and smoothing.

Psyllium plantain - Plantago psyllium (L.)
 

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