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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Plantain - Plantago lanceolata (L.)

Plantain - Plantago lanceolata (L.)


Plantain - Plantago lanceolata (L.) 
Grandmother broad (larger) - Plantago maior (L.) 
Family - Plantaginaceae 


Plantain - perennial growing up to 30 cm high, rootstock cut, small, oblique, covered wiązkowymi roots, leaves in rubella, 3-7 nerves, entire edges, or serrated (irregular and long), elongated (równowąskolancetowate), to 30 cm in length ., acute, narrowed into a long petiole furrowed, striate inflorescence stalk, very long, leafless; inflorescence - spike spherical or elongated, dense, rod-4 with off-white filaments and yellowish anthers; crown 4-fold; flowers greenish, brownish later, intricate; fruit - bag dwunasienna. It blooms from May to June. Plant common. It grows in meadows, pastures, fallow fields, in orchards, like soil niskoazotowe, fertile loam. 

Grandmother bigger - perennial growing up to 30 cm high, roots sory, whitish stem from a short rhizome, leaves in nibyróżyczce, entire edges, szerokojajowate, naked or slightly hairy, with dark green top, clear bottom, showing the vascular bundles; nerwacja parallel; petiole relatively long rynienkowaty; inflorescence - spike on a long and leafless stalk, cylindrical, pointed, crown 4-fold; thread stamens whitish, then yellowish, purple or anthers-brunatnofioletowe, delicate flowers, greenish, yellowish-white or other colors and shades; fruit - bag 8-16-seed. It blooms from June to August. Common Plants, growing in meadows, fields, pastures, orchards, he likes the soil moist, fertile, sandy loam, the position of low vegetation. 

Raw material 

It uses the herb, leaf and root - Herba, Radix et Folium Plantaginis.The grandmother is also producing a greater whole fruit with seeds - Fructus Plantaginis. The raw material is farmakopealnym plantain leaf or wheat Folium Plantaginis (producers: Flos, Herb Lux, Herbapol, Watermelon) - Op. 25 or 50, FP II, III, IV et V, which can be purchased in pharmacies and herbal shops. 

The dried roots are extremely hard and difficult to grind, and therefore proposes to grind it fresh, immediately after washing. Raw materials are dried at a temperature of 20-40 ° C. 

Chemical composition 

Roots (more precisely, they are rhizomes with roots - Rhizoma cum radicibus) contain significant amounts of pectin, mucilage, adeinę, irydoidy, eg aukubinę, amines, eg choline, enzymes, eg emulsynę, cukrowce, gentian, acids, vitamins, proteins , fats, minerals and other compounds is not fully understood. 

Herb, grandmothers leaves contain glycosides irydoidowy - aukubinę - about 1%, Vitamin C - 20,7-42,2 mg/100 g, flavonoids - 0,01-0,02% (eg, apigenin), alcohol, 6 - hydroxyl - sorbitol 1.5%, carotene, tannins, alkaloids, katalpol, wit. K, alcohol - mannitol, acids (citric acid, silicon, oleanolic), pectin, proteolytic enzymes, salts (zinc, silicon, molybdenum, potassium, iron, copper, magnesium, manganese, sodium, boron, aluminum, calcium, phosphorous), choline , adeinę, wit. group B, xanthophyll, et al. 

Fruits with seeds are rich in oil, fat - about 20%, lock - up to 44%, sugarcane - planteozę - 0,16-0,17%, and the aleurone protein. 

Action: anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antiseptic, expectorant, protective, antitussive, antiulcer, regulating metabolism, digestion, and accelerate wound healing and naskórnikowanie; general tonic, immunizers, antiviral, appetite and antioedematous. 

Fruits also: slightly laxative. 

Rhizomes with roots further: remove dry, painful cough, regulate bowel movements, cholagogic, accelerate the healing of ulcers, przeciwkamicze, detoxification. 

Indications: ulcers, gastritis, inflammation of the duodenum and intestines, digestive disorders, abdominal pain, diarrhea, skin disorders, poisoning, metabolic disorders, oliguria, urolithiasis, inflammation of the kidneys and urinary tract (+ other herbs), hematuria; weakness, edema, cough, laryngitis, throat, mouth, colds, influenza-type diseases, respiratory catarrh (inflammation of the lungs, bronchi, trachea), allergic diseases (adjuvant). 

Externally: inflammation of the eye, eyelids and conjunctiva, genital inflammation, wounds, burns, greasy hair (herb, leaves) or dry and damaged hair (rhizomes with roots, fruits), boils, insect bites, seborrhea, dandruff, pimples , blackheads skin, lichens, ulcers, inflammation of ears. 

Preparations, dosage and application: 

  • - Infusion - 4 times a plot of 200 ml or more (8 times a day with 100 ml of cough, throat inflammation, diarrhea), can be administered to infants, in addition to the washes, masks, wraps, washes. 
  • - Decoction of roots (4 tablespoons dried with 300 ml of water, boil for 5 minutes) - every 2-3 hours with 50 ml of cough, gastrointestinal inflammation, throat, bronchi and lungs and throat, acute diarrhea, or 4 times dz . after 100 ml in treatment longer - 2-3 times a plot of 100 ml can be administered to children and infants, in addition to the washes and wraps in case of damaged, cracked and dry skin with inflammatory lesions, the treatment of eyes and lips, to enemas(150-200 ml of fluid at 37 ° C - rectum) to wash the genital area. 
  • - Decoction of fruit - used as a decoction of the roots. 
  • - Mush of fruit - constipation for infants and for adults. 
  • - Tincture Plantaginis - 4 times a plot of 5 ml in 50 ml of water or 8 times a day after half a teaspoon, the washings diseased sites; to pędzlowań; as lotions - 1 tablespoon tincture + 150 ml of water. 
  • - Pulvis Plantaginis - 3-4 times a plot of 1 flat teaspoon of tea, just drink. 
  • - Mel Plantaginis - 3-4 times a plot of 1 tablespoon. 
  • - Alkoholmel Plantaginis - as an expectorant - every 4 hours. after 2 teaspoon, as a tonic - 2-3 times a plot of 1 tablespoon. 
  • - Vinum Plantaginis - heated and honey - 4 times a plot of 30 ml as a tonic - dz 2 times (morning and evening) -30 ml. 
  • - Succus Plantaginis fresh - three times the plot of 50 ml. 
  • - Succus Plantaginis maintained - three times the plot after 15 ml. 
  • - Alkoholatura intrakt cold and - as a tonic -2 times dz in 10 ml of diseases - 3-4 times a plot of 5 ml in 50 ml of water, the washings and pędzlowań diseased sites, as a lotion - 15 ml liquid + 150 ml of water. 

Rp. Sirupus Plantaginis:

  • fresh juice of the herb plantain or decoction of the roots of his grandmother - 100 ml 
  • natural honey - 100 ml 
  • sugar - 100 ml 
  • juice of one lemon 
  • cloves or cinnamon to taste 

Mix the ingredients to heat. Store in a cool place. 

Take 4 times the 1 tablespoons dz. 

- Maceratio Plantaginis - 3 times a plot of 100 ml. 

Rp. Suspensiones Plantaginis: 

  • babkowy powder - Pulvis Plantaginis - 1 tablespoon, 
  • Glycerin - 5 spoons, 
  • Honey - 2 tbsp, 
  • fruit juice (any) - 3 tbsp. 

Mix the ingredients. Take 2 times dz in 30 ml. 

Rp. Ointment babkowa Unguentum Plantaginis: 

  • alcoholic extract from his grandmother - 15 ml 
  • Glycerine - 15 mL Linomag - a cream or ointment - 60 g (or other support in the amount of fat) 
  • Perfume oil (eg, orange) - 3 drops. 

Mix the ingredients to heat. 

Babkową ointment used to treat diseased sites and to nurture sensitive skin and lips. Excellent cure inflammation of the rectum. 
The pharmacies and herbal shops are available: syropek babkowy Plantagen (Gemini) - liquid, Sirupus Plantaginis (Hasco-Lek) - fluid and juice babkowy stabilized alcohol (Phytopharm) - liquid. They are used for coughs, colds and infectious diseases. The juice of plantain Succus Plantaginis we take the weaker in order to strengthen the body and stimulate regeneration.

Plantain - Plantago lanceolata (L.)