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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Pedunculate oak, Sessile oak - Quercus robur L., Quercus sessilis Ehrh . (Fagaceae)

Pedunculate oak, Sessile oak - Quercus robur L., Quercus sessilis Ehrh . (Fagaceae)

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Pedunculate oak, English oak, French oak - Quercus robur L.

Sessile oak, Cornish oak, Durmast oak - Quercus sessilis Ehrh . (Fagaceae)

description

1 Pedunculate oak (Quercus pedunculata Ehrh seu.) - Tree growing up to 40 m in height ; Korovin thick, smooth initially, then cracked, leaves pierzasto - wrębne, length 6-14 cm, in outline longitudinally obovate, short tail or nearly sessile, irregular notches; leaf blade in the middle of the widest in the base of the heart-shaped, with dark green top, bottom brighter ; kłosokształtne staminate inflorescences, hanging from a 5- 9- brave perianth, stamens 5-10, flowers bar on a long stalk, single or collected after a few, column 1, the three - brave trait, fruit - nut called an acorn, covered by a woody cup, scaly podkwiatków , on a long stalk . It flowers in May. It grows in forests and parks, roads, farms .


 

2 Sessile oak ( Quercus petraea seu Liebel sessiliflora Q. , Q. intercedens ) - tree growing up to 30 m in height; Korovin fissured, thick, leaves pierzastowrębne, 8-12 cm long , obovate in outline, long tail; petiole yellowish, notches regularly, plaque in the broadest peak, at the base of the wedge; kłoskokształtne staminate inflorescences , hanging , perianth 5 -9- brave , stamens 5-10, flowers bar on a short stalk, nearly sessile, single or collected a few, one - bar, stigma 3- brave, fruit - nut mounted on a very short stalk . It flowers in May. Everywhere planted .

Raw

The raw material is farmakopealnym Korovin - Cortex Quercus , available in herbal shops ( Herbapol , Herb Lux, Watermelon , Eland ) - pack of 50 g

Bark is harvested in the spring or autumn and dried at temperatures up to 60 ° C.

The folk herbal medicine is also used : acorns Quercus Glandes seu Semen leaves - Folium Quercus and young twigs - Frondes Quercus .

All dried at room temperature , then it is worth dry in a slightly heated oven and then milled. The ground acorns have to roast in a pan or baking sheet on a light brown color (not burn!).

Shoots harvested in the spring , along with buds and very young leaves.

The leaves are harvested in late May and June.


The chemical composition

Leaves , branches and bark contains tannins ( in the cortex to 20% in the leaves and twigs - up to 12 %) , triterpenes , flavonoids ( quercetin ) , gallic acid and ellagic acid , catechol , pectin , phenolic resins , and the phenol - alcohol kwercytol C6H7 (OH ) 5, phytoncides , pentose fitochinony (leaves and stems ) .

Acorns contain 37 % starch , 7 % sugar , 7-9 % of tannins , flavonoids , 6-7 % proteins , lipids (up to 17%) , and saponins.


Properties and applications of

Coffee acorn an expectorant , anti-inflammatory, against diarrhea , diuretic , nourishes and strengthens .

Coffee bitter acorn 1 acorn coffee and spoon 1 tablespoon of real coffee pour 250 ml rein ; cook 3 minutes and let stand for 10 minutes , strain , drink bitter with indigestion , diarrhea , flatulence , gastrointestinal catarrh .

Coffee and sweet acorn 1 acorn coffee spoon (you can add 1 teaspoon of real coffee ) pour 1 cup of water and cook 3 minutes , let stand for 10 minutes , strain , sweeten with honey , add milk or cream. Drink with a cold , infectious diseases, respiratory catarrh , cough and weakness.

Coffee beech and acorn : 1 tablespoon of acorn coffee and 1 tablespoon coffee beech pour 250 ml of water , boil 3 minutes , let stand for 20 minutes , strain. Sweeten with honey , add milk or cream. Drink a few times a plot by stress, colds , weakened infectious diseases . The bitter drink in diarrhea and gastrointestinal catarrh . You can mix with the true .

A decoction of the bark , twigs or leaves work: astringent , anti-inflammatory, przeciwropnie , exudation , antibacterial , antiviral , przeciwpierwotniakowo , antifungal , seals and strengthens blood vessels , increases blood clotting , stimulates the healing process of wounds .

A decoction of the leaves , bark and twigs : 1 tablespoon of raw pour 1 cup of water, boil 5 minutes , let stand for 20 minutes , filter , drink 1-4 times a plot of 100 ml, 200 ml case of diarrhea 4-6 times the plot children - 50-100 ml 1-4 times the plot , in 100 ml of diarrhea 4-6 times the plot

Indications: gastritis, gastritis , diarrhea , gastrointestinal bleeding , excessive menstrual bleeding , inflammation of the kidneys and bladder , urinary frequency , poisoning ( oak components involve a lot of harmful toxins and metabolites ) , vaginal discharge .

Externally : inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes ( mouth, throat , eyes, genitals) , burns, wounds, sores, cold sores, eczema, sores, acne, seborrhea, vaginal discharge, wet eczema, prickly heat, pressure sores, boils, mouth ulcers, excessive sweating rates, proctitis, hemorrhoids. As a lotion, sitz baths, enemas, poultices, washing .

Extract oak - Quercus Extractum : half cups of ground bark pour 200 ml of hot 40% alcohol ; digest seven days ; filter. Apply externally to the brushing and spraying schorzałej skin and mucous membranes.

 

Rp . backfill oak

  • Powdered bark or oak leaves (grind in the mill) - 1 pcs. (for example, 1 tablespoon)
  • Backfill Linomag or Alantan - 3 parts . (eg, 3 tablespoons)

Mix the ingredients .

Indications (powdered skin) : acne , seborrhea , bed sores , wounds, sores , ulcers , burns, heat rash .

Pedunculate oak, Sessile oak - Quercus robur L., Quercus sessilis Ehrh . (Fagaceae)
 

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