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Mountain Arnica - Arnica montana (L.) (!)

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Mountain Arnica - Arnica montana (L.) (!) 
Meadow arnica - Arnica chamissonis (Less.) (!) 
Family - Compositae 

Botanical description. 

Or mountain arnica arnica - perennial growing up to 60 cm high, stem ogruczolona, built, single; rhizome thick, oblique, with numerous brown roots, leaves collected in the lower rubella grubawe, obovate or oblong, entire edges, upper leaves sessile,covering half the stem, with a hairy top, bottom, or nearly naked nude, flowers - baskets, placed singly on stalk, golden, hairy, fruit - achene with kielichowym down. It blooms from June to August. Is very rare in Poland and is under protection. It grows in the Sudeten, the Carpathians, in Pomerania, Silesia, in the Suwalki region, to Hawaii, in Bialowieza, Podlasie, in the Bieszczady Mountains. She must not acquire from its natural state. Raw materials imported from abroad. It can be grown on parcels for medicinal purposes and ozdobniczych. 


Meadow Arnica is very similar to the above-described arnica and introduced to cultivation for pharmaceutical purposes. 

Raw material 

It uses a flower (the basket), arnica - Flos (Anthodium) Arnicae, FP II, III, IV et V material collected in the flowering stage and dried at a temperature of 1920-1935 C. Anthodium Arnicae / eland Herbapol, Watermelon, Herba Lux) (pack of 20, 25 or 50 g) and tincture arnikową - tincture Arnicae / Herbapol, Phytopharm, Pampa, /, (35, 50 and 100 g) can be purchased in pharmacies and herbal shops. 

Chemical composition 

Arnica flower contains flavonoids (astragalinę, luteolin, 3-glucoside kempferolu, quercetin, izokwercytrynę) cynarynę - 0.05% essential oil - about 0.15% thymol in it, triakontan, tymochydrochinon, thymol ester of isobutyric and Others .; compounds triterpenes: arnidiol, faradiol, taraksasterol, lactones gwajanowe (arnikolidy) arnifolinę, esters helenaliny, ksantanolidy; irydoid - loliolid, choline - about 0.1%, Betaine, arnifolinę, carotenoids, fatty acids, gallic acid, q . coffee, chlorogenic quarter, polyacetylenes (tridecen-pentain-ok. 0.2% tridekadien, tetraina). The leaves have trójmetyloamina. 

Action: externally applied strong disinfectant works (antifungal, bactericidal and virucidal and przeciwpierwotniakowo), astringent, slightly irritating to skin and mucous membranes, strongly anti-inflammatory, przeciwwywsiękowo (przeciwobrzękowo), sealing the walls of blood vessels of skin (surface), przeciwkrwiakowo (speed up and facilitate sucking the blood and exudates), the naskórnikowanie przyśpieszająco and wound healing, smoothing the scars, slightly exfoliating. 

Oral sealing and strengthening works on the blood vessels, anticoagulation and antithrombotic (prevents blood cells sticking together), przeciwmiażdżycowo, przeciwzawałowo, stimulates the cerebral circulation and limb, spasmolytic, antihypertensive (by opening blood vessels to lower blood pressure), diaphoretic, nasercowo (heart stimulant), antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, stimulates the central nervous system, in larger doses - devastatingly, stimulates the secretion of saliva, gastric, pancreatic and intestinal tract, cholagogic, fever, diuretic, stimulates the respiration and cerebral cortex (in a sense nootropowo, or actionconsisting of improving the efficiency of the central nervous system, improving the ability of learning, thinking, memory and attention span; arnica nootropic effect is visible when the regular and long-poly). I also found that treatment arnikowa perfect cure acne, rosacea, telangiectasia and pustules that appear during menstruation and menopause. 

The oral treatment should always be combined with external treatment - topical!. 

Indications: externally in the form of wraps, pędzlowań, washes, lubricated, and rinses wcierań: rolled wounds, bruises, bruising (ecchymosis, petechiae bloody), acne, ulcers, lichen, impetigo, boils, burns, swelling, skin spots, fissures, eczema, insect bites, psoriasis, seborrhea, sores, bedsores, et al. 

Oral: atherosclerosis, memory impairment, tinnitus, dizziness, dimming in his eyes after schylaniu in allergic diseases, stinging in the heart, phlebitis, embolism (blood clots), cracking and permeability of blood vessels, hypertension, malaise, weakness, swelling , infectious disease, respiratory and skin reactions, fever (+ other herbs), circulatory disorders in the limbs and brain, varicose veins, pain in bones and joints (hates them very well, especially when combined with a flower meadow), neuralgia, ulcers, rheumatism, frequent zesłabnięcia, shortness of breath, bronchial asthma, metabolic disorders, intoxication. 

Contraindications: allergy to arnica, the use of synthetic medicines for heart disease. Pregnancy!. 

Symptoms of overdose include burning sensation in the throat, esophagus and stomach (irritation), diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, hematuria, malaise, skin rashes, abnormal cardiac (heart rate, palpitations), headaches and neck, loss of consciousness, collapse, uterine contractions , pain (burning), kidney and urinary tract, and even death!. 

First aid in poisoning: Induce vomiting by giving large amounts of water with salt, take a leave from 1920 to 1930 carbon film (Carbo medicinalis), go to the hospital. 

Synergism. Arnica should take the rue, Marigold, lily of the valley, Polygonatum, goldenrod, nostrzykiem and chestnut. It works very effectively then. 

Formulations, dosage and application: 

- Infusion (1 teaspoon minced flower + 200 ml of boiling water, infuse 20 minutes, strain) - every 6-8 hours. 30 ml; as a rinse of the mouth and throat when zakażeniowych and inflammatory states, and genitals; compresses 1-2-hour, washing hair, the washings. 

- Decoction - externally: rinses, soaks, rinse (1 teaspoon dried + 250 ml water, boil for 5 minutes and let stand for 15 minutes, strain, water is not complete.) Orally do not use!. 

- Arnicae homeopathic tincture - 3 times the plot after 20 drops in 50 ml of water (max. 25 kr.) 

- Arnicae tincture prepared according to our rule and standard pharmacies - 20 drops 3 times a plot on an empty stomach (for 1 hour. Before eating and 2 hours. After meals) in 50 ml of water or herbal tea, washes a solution to (1 + 1 tablespoon liqueurtablespoon of boiled water), like the wraps, the pędzlowań (eg abscesses), undiluted, to rinse - 15 ml tincture + 150 ml of water. 

- Acetum Arnicae - compresses (1 tablespoon vinegar arnikowego + 50 ml water), the washes and packs of 5 minutes - 1 tablespoon white vinegar + 2 tablespoons water to pędzlowań - undiluted, to rinse - 1 tablespoon vinegar + 150 ml of water. 

Rp. Mixtura Aricae altaceti: 

Altacet - tabl. 2 pieces (dissolved in 100 ml of hot water and cool) 

Tincture Arnicae - 5 ml 

Mix. Use the wraps. 

Rp. Mixtura Arnicae Azul: 

Arnicae tincture - 15 ml 

Glicerolum (glycerin) - 10 ml 

Food vinegar - 10 ml 

Water boiled - 100 ml 

Tincture bloodstone or Azulan - 5 ml 

Mix. Use the wraps. 

Rp. Mixtura Arnicae Hyperici: 

Infusion arnikowy (or decoction) - 100 ml 

Vinegar dziurawcowy (Acetum Hyperici) - 50 ml 

Mix. Use the wraps. 

- Oleum Arnicae - compresses, medicinal wcierań (inflammation of the bones, joints, muscles and nerves, swelling, cold, infectious disease - rub your whole body and go to bed), lubricated. 

- Arnicae Gel (gel arnikowa drawn according to our rules) 

applied externally to the skin. 

Rp.Unguentum Arnicae I: 

Tincture Arnicae - 5 ml 

Liquid Glycerin - 5 ml 

Linomag - ointment or cream - 30 g (ie a whole packet). 

Mix according to previously specified rules. 

Anti-inflammatory, przeciwropnie, oiling, nourishing, przeciwwywsiękowo, premature aging of the skin, prevents the formation of spots and the expansion of blood vessels. Truly cares for lips. It treats the previously mentioned skin disorders. 

The pharmacies and herbal shops are available: 

1. Ointment arnikowa (Elissa, Alpine Herbs); Alpine Herbs added to this ointment juniper oil. 

2. Arnikowy gel on the skin (Alpine Herbs), Ulganol (Gemini). 
3. Several combinations, such as Escalar (Hasco-Lek) - ointment Arnical (Herbapol) - liquid, Arnisol (PROFARM) - fluid, all of which are applicable outside the treatment of sports injuries, edema, exudates, blood extravasations, bruises, boils and al.
Mountain Arnica - Arnica montana (L.) (!)
 

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