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Lesser periwinkle - Vinca minor (L.), (!)

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Lesser periwinkle - Vinca minor (L.), (!)

Herbaceous periwinkle - Vinca herbacea ( W.K. ) (!)

Family - Apocynaceae

 

description

Lesser periwinkle or dwarf periwinkle - taking the form of perennial shrubs growing up to 60 cm high , stems slender , creeping , rooting in the upper part built , evergreen leaves, elliptical, shiny , leathery, krótkoogonkowe ; foliage parallel, single flowers growing out of the corners leaves, five - plate , blue , stamens 5 , column 1, the crown of the tube a little funnel , fruit - wielonasienny bellows . It flowers from April to May. The plant is in the woods , in thickets , clearings . It can be found in the lowlands , in the mountains, the foothills ( Subcarpathian ) , in the forests of Beskid Mountains and Foothills Strzyżowsko - Dynowskie , Valley Krosno . Periwinkle is not as common as it used to . Often , however, is grown in gardens.


 

Herbaceous periwinkle - shrub with stems creeping up but not setting off the roots at the nodes and naked , leaves ovate or jajowatowydłużone lower , upper leaves lanceolate , flowers violet-blue , five - patch , plot ciliated . It blooms from May to June. It grows in meadows, clearings , hillsides and forest roads. The presence in the region requires examination . You can probably be found in the south- eastern part of the country. Sometimes cultivated in gardens for the purpose of ozdobniczych .

Raw

Herbs - Herb leaf Vincae or rather - Folium Vincae . They are dried at approximately 60 ° C.

 

The chemical composition

Periwinkle contains indole alkaloids ( ie vinkamina minorina , vincyna , winkaminaryna ) , called . eburnaminowe ) , bitterness , tannins, ursolic quarter , salts , vitamins, leukoantodyjanidynę , pectin , flavonoids and others .

 

Action: lowering blood pressure, anti-haemorrhagic , strengthening , pain , antylaktacyjne , antidiarrheal , detoxifying , anti-atherosclerotic , improving cerebral and coronary circulation , strengthening the heart, agent.

 

Indications: dizziness, headache , tinnitus , memory problems , atherosclerosis , coronary artery disease , heart weakness , fatigue, galactorrhoea , diarrhea , indigestion , excessive and painful menstrual bleeding , internal bleeding , inflammation of the skin , mouth and throat , hypertension and diabetes.

 

The formulations , dosage , use :

- Decoction - 3 times a plot of 30 ml;

- Infusion - 3 times a plot of 30 ml;

- Tincture Vincae - 3-4 times a plot of 40 drops ;

- Intractum Vincae - 3-4 times a plot of 30-40 drops ;

The pharmacies can be purchased ready-made preparations of periwinkle , such Vincamine (oral - 10-20 mg every 8-12 hours): Vincarutine (with rutin ) from Pharbiol - Capsules 20 mg vincamine ; Vincamin Ratiopharm - Table . powl . 10 mg tablets . 20 mg tablets . retard 30 mg and 60 mg ; Vincafor ( Pharmapharm ) - Capsules 30 mg ; Pervincamine ( Synthelabo ) - Capsules 20 mg . These drugs improve blood flow, cerebral , and administered in disorders of blood supply to the brain caused by stroke and brain injury , atherosclerosis , and in spastic cerebral blood vessels in the eye and vascular changes in the labyrinth. They increase both the supply of oxygen to the brain , which can be used to treat people often weakening .

Lesser periwinkle - Vinca minor (L.), (!)
 

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