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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Horse Chestnut, conker tree - Aesculus hippocastanum (Hippocastanaceae)

Horse Chestnut, conker tree - Aesculus hippocastanum (Hippocastanaceae)



Tree to 20 m high, with a domed crown, leaves large, dłoniaste, about 5-7 fingerlike, obovate wedge blades, inflorescences millets, large, erect, flowers two-or dioecious, grzebieciste; cup 5-brave; crown composed of 4-5 white petals with a yellow or red stain; stamens 7, column 1; fruit - large, globular, spiny, green bag with 1-3 large brown seeds with a cream or white flesh and a bitter taste. The tree is quite common. It comes from the Balkan Peninsula.


The raw material is Korovin, flower, leaf and seed - Cortex, Flos, Folium et Semen Hippocastani (Aesculi hippocartani). The leaves are harvested at the beginning or during flowering, Korovin - from February to April, flowers - at the time of flowering, seed - when will fall to the ground. Collect the whole inflorescences (I recommend including the lower section of the leaves and twigs). The raw materials are dried in a temp to 40 ° C. The leaves should be stored in lightproof packaging and dry in a dark place because it contains fitochinony are very sensitive to light.

The seeds and bark suggest dry in an open oven heated to a temperature of 60 ° C. Chestnuts, as well as other raw materials must be carefully grind. Dry flowers and leaves recommend connect to Cortex et Flos Hippocastani and Intractum can be purchased at herbal stores and pharmacies (opak.100 g in terms of liquid and 20 and 50 g in the case of dried).

A very valuable resource are also buds - Gemmae Aesculi hippocastani that is collected when they are closed and I and phase II open. Buds are dried in the open slightly heated oven and then pulverized.


The chemical composition

All materials contain flavonoids, coumarin glycosides (esculin, fraxynę), saponin (in fruit to 26%). Flowers are rich in rutin, astragalina, tannins (up to 3%), mineral salts, acids and carotenoids. The leaves contain a lot wit.K, folic quarter, routine and wit. C.

The bark and buds are rich in resin, allantoin, tannins, are also pure alantoinowy.



Escin is contained in the seeds of exudative properties, decongestants, anticoagulants, anti-inflammatory and vascular resistance enhancers. Similar properties have flowers and bark (esculin, fraxyna). Improve blood circulation in the skin and in the brain and limbs.

Leaves act cholagogue, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oedematous; seal and strengthen blood vessels, increase blood clotting, prevent the formation of bleeding and bloody bruises, inhibit parenchymatous bleeding (parenchymal); eliminate uterine bleeding and vaginal discharge, regulate bowel movements, increase appetite, enhance the secretion of saliva and gastric juice, pancreatic and intestinal tract.

Indications: varicose veins, thrombophlebitis (excluding leaves), purpura, telangiectasia, rosacea, perioral dermatosis, stasis of blood and lymph (excluding leaves), edema, exudation of blood and serum, rheumatism, haemorrhoids, inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract , constipation (2 except bark), petechiae on the retina (+ ruta), inflammation of the eye and the conjunctiva and choroid (drink herbal tea or decoction and apply compresses to the eyes of the flower or the leaf infusion), bloody diarrhea (for leaves;, hematuria, nephritis, urolithiasis, excessive menstrual bleeding, vaginal discharge, bleeding from the nose, liver disease, infectious disease.

Doughnuts also used with respiratory catarrh, coughs and colds.

Bark, twigs and buds accelerate the healing of wounds and other skin damage.

Macerate Horse Chestnut - Maceratio Aesculi: 2 tablespoons fresh or dry leaves Pour 1 cup of boiled water at room temperature, then cover and let stand for 6-8 hours in a dark place; strain. Drink 4-6 times a plot of 100 ml, and children weighing 4-5 kg ​​-5.7 ml, 6-7 kg - 8.5 ml, 8-9 ml - 11.4 ml, 10-11 kg - 14 ml , -21 ml 15-20 kg, 25-30 kg - 35 ml, 35-40 kg - 50 ml, 45-50 kg - 64 ml, 3-4 times the plot, in the acute dose increased by 50%.

Chestnut Tincture - Tinctura Aesculi hippocastani: half cups of dry leaves, flowers, buds, bark (twigs) or seeds pour 400 ml of vodka; digest 14 days filter. Tincture of seeds take 3 times a plot of half a teaspoon (overdose may cause nausea and violent vomiting, and applies to a intraktu purchased in store, I suggest you take a precaution after the tincture drops of peppermint in the amount of 1-half teaspoon for sugar).

Tincture of other materials take three times a plot of 10 ml (can be taken from the leaves of 15 ml in 50 ml of water) after dilution with water. Children by weight: 15-20 kg - 2-2,8 ml, 25-30 kg - 3.5-4 ml, 35-40 kg - 4,2-5,7 ml, 45-50 kg - 6.4 -7 ml, 55-60 kg - 7.8-8.5 kg, 3 times the plot

Alkoholatura, cold ": a half cups of fresh leaves, seeds, bark, twigs or flowers pour 400 ml of alcohol; digest 14 days filter. Taken as a tincture.

Intrakt Horse Chestnut - Intractum Aesculi: half cups of fresh seeds, flowers, bark, buds or leaves pour 400 ml of hot ethanol 40% of hot wine; digest 10 days filter. Taken as a tincture.

Powder Horse Chestnut - Pulvis Aesculi: dry leaves or flowers, or bark mill grind to a fine powder coffee. Take 3 times a plot of 1 teaspoon powdered leaves and flowers or half a teaspoon of powdered bark, well drink. If for every 1 teaspoon honey 1 tablespoon ladies and 10 drops of glycerin or alcohol (it should be added that the glycerin but is also a hydric alcohol, thus artificially segregate the name for clarity), then mix - it kasztanowcowy get honey, which is taking 3 times d . 1 tablespoon (leaves and flowers) or a half tablespoons (bark).

Suspension chestnut - suspensio Aesculi: for every tablespoon of dried flowers give 2 tablespoons of glycerine, 1 teaspoon of powdered leaves flat, 1 teaspoon of powdered herb burnet or shepherd's purse, 2 tablespoons of fruit juice and 1 tablespoon of honey and mix. Take 2 times a plot of 4 tablespoons of constipation and haemorrhoids. If the medicine is too weak to add another 2 tablespoons of glycerin, leaving the rest of the ingredients in a similarly quiet. To a suspension can also add 1 tablespoon of flax seed or 1 tablespoon of comfrey root. The drug works mild laxative, anti-inflammatory and przeciwkrwotocznie.

Extract Glycerine - Gliceroextractum Aesculi: for every 2 tablespoons minced fresh leaves of chestnut receive 60 g of glycerol, 1 tablespoon white wine or red and 1 tablespoon of fresh herb shepherd's purse, bundle or burnet; digest 14 days filter. In acute digestive disorders, bębnicy, abdominal pain, constipation and hemorrhoids nodes take 1-2 times a plot of 2 tbsp. The drug works very gently, but effectively.



  • Leaf and flower chestnut - 1 tablespoon
  • Herb celandine - 1 tablespoon
  • Flax seed - 1 tbsp
  • Root grandmother - 1 tablespoon
  • Comfrey root - 1 tablespoon
  • Yarrow and chamomile - 1 tablespoon
  • Herb bundle, shepherd's purse, or burnet - 1 tablespoon


3 tablespoons of mixture pour 2 cups of water, bring to a boil, let stand for 30 minutes and strain. Drink 2-3 times a plot of 150-200 ml, and children weighing 10-15 kg - 28.5 ml, 20-25 kg - 57 ml, 30-35 kg - 85.7 ml, 40-45 kg - 114 ml , 50-55 kg - 142 ml, 2-3 times the plot

I also recommend rectal enema 100-200-250 ml in an amount (depending on how many bowel accept) at a temperature of 38 ° C.

To brew (both intended enema and drink), you can add glycerin: for every 100 ml of broth 1-2 tablespoons of glycerin, mix thoroughly.

Indication (enemas, oral): constipation, hemorrhoids, painful passing of stool, urge to defecate, anal itching, indigestion, digestive disorders, abdominal pain, diarrhea, food poisoning (which should add glycerin in an amount of 2 tablespoons per 100 ml of broth to removal of hazardous substances occurred rapidly and completely), peptic ulcer, flatulence, obesity, metabolic disorders. The drug very valuable and can be used by all.

From raw materials obtained from chestnut cooks also "hot" water extracts.

Infusion: 2 tablespoons of fresh or dried leaves, flowers, buds, or seeds pour 2 cups of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes and strain. Drink 4 times a plot of 100 ml children - see macerate.

Decoction: 2 tablespoons of bark, seeds or buds pour 2 cups of water, boil for 5 minutes and let stand for 30 minutes, strain. Drink as macerate but 3-4 times the plot



  • Flower, bark and horse chestnut seed - 1 tbsp
  • Herb routine - 1 tablespoon
  • Arnica flower - 1 tablespoon
  • Herb sweet clover - 1 tablespoon


Mix. 2 tablespoons of mixture pour 2 cups of boiling water, let stand for 30 minutes and strain. Drink 2-3 times a plot of 100 rai, and children - see macerate with chestnut.

Indications: cracking and permeability of blood vessels, phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, after myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, coronary and peripheral blood and lymph stasis, atherosclerosis, impaired thinking and memory, petechiae on the retina, high blood pressure, joint effusions, liver failure, and infectious skin diseases, varicose veins and anus.

Horse Chestnut, conker tree - Aesculus hippocastanum (Hippocastanaceae)

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