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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Gentian - Gentiana (Gentianaceae)

Gentian - Gentiana (Gentianaceae)

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description

1 Yellow gentian - Gentiana lutea - a perennial plant with a thick wrinkled rhizome : stem thick, raised , up to 100 cm high , leaves large, broadly elliptical, bluish green , the lower narrowed into a short , wide tail , the higher the cap covering the heart-shaped stem , flowers clustered in axils of leaves and on the stem , long stem , calyx membranous , split along one side , a large crown , with patches of lance-shaped , sharp , gwiazdkowato outstretched , yellow flowers . It blooms from July to August. It occurs in the Eastern Carpathians . It grows in meadows and in the bushes .

2}. Gentian dotted - Gentiana punctata - a perennial with a thick rhizome , leaves short tail lower , middle and upper - sessile, narrowed at the base and healed in a short sheath , flowers clustered in the axils of the leaves and the highest at the stem , sessile , calyx short , campanulate , yellow crown , brown -colored , about 6 patches , no teeth between them.


 

Here is the Sudetes and the Carpathian Mountains .

3 Trojeściowa Gentian - Gentiana asclepiadea - perennial growing up to 100 cm high , leaves ovoid or broad - lanceolate , pointed , almost sitting or krótkoogonkowe , heart-shaped at the base , 3-5 sory , flowers 1-2 in the axils of the leaves , crown szerokodzwonkowato - funnel , ciemnobłękitna , dark dots . It flowers from August to September. There the Carpathian , the Carpathians and the Sudeten Mountains and the lowlands .

 

Raw

The raw material is the rhizome and herb - Rhizoma et , Herb Gentianae , FP I, II , III , IV and V. In pharmacies and herbal shops you can buy a rhizome ( root is not (! ), Although the so called resource listed in the FP ) - " Radix " Gentianae - op. 25 and 50 g / Herb Lux, Watermelon / .

 

The chemical composition

The herb and rhizomes gentians are mustard glycosides ( gencyopikrozyd , amarogentyna ) , alkaloids ( gencyanina , gencyalutyna ) xanthone derivatives ( gentyzyna , izogentyzyna ) , phytosterols , sugarcane , dye , salts and acids.

 

action

Raw stimulate the secretion of saliva , gastric , pancreatic and intestinal tract, increasing gastrointestinal peristalsis , regulate bowel movements , increased appetite , work cholagogue wiatropędnie .

Indications: lack of appetite , digestive disorders, indigestion, no = " sufficient secretion of digestive juices , constipation, night spot , weakness, skin diseases .

Externally : wounds , inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes , heat rash , changes oozing , seborrhea .

Decoction : 2 tablespoons herb root and pour 2 cups of water , boil for 5 min . , Let stand for 20 minutes . , Strain. Drink 3-4 times a plot of 100-150 ml, children weighing ; 8-9 kg - 8.5 ml , 10-15 kg - 14 ml , 16-20 kg - 21 ml , 25-30 kg - 35 ml 35-40 kg - 50 ml , 45-50 kg - 64 ml , 55-60 kg - 78-80 ml ​​, 3-4 times the plot

Tincture Gentian - Gentianae tincture , a half cups of dry rhizome or herb pour 400 ml of vodka , digest 14 days ; filter. Take 3-4 times a plot of 5-10 ml . Children 3 years of age . - 2 mL, 7 years of age . - 3 ml, 10 , the Z -4 ml, 15 years of age . - 7 ml , 3-4 times the plot in 50 ml of water.

 

Rp . Potion GA digestion

  • Tincture Goryczkowa - 10 ml
  • Tincture of wormwood POSP . or Piołunowa - 10 ml

Mix. Take 2-3 times a plot of 30-40 drops .

Indications: insufficient secretion of digestive juices , lack of appetite, profuse and (or ) fat meal , dyspepsia ( 5 ml three times daily) , digestive disorders , fatigue .

 

Rp . Mix GAAC for digestive disorders and scanty menstruation

  • Bitter herbs or rhizome - 1 tbsp
  • Sweet flag rhizome - 1 tbsp
  • Herb celandine - 1 tbsp
  • Leaf or herb mugwort POSP . , Or wormwood - 1 tablespoon

Mix. 2 tablespoons of mixture pour 2 cups of water , boil 3 minutes; let stand for 20 minutes , strain. Drink 3-4 times a plot of 100 ml .

Indications: lack of appetite, metabolic disorders , digestive disorders , constipation , insufficient secretion of digestive juices , scanty and painful , and at the same irregular menstrual bleeding , gallstones , bile stasis , liver failure , pain in the liver , gallbladder , pancreas , stomach and ovaries , gastritis , kidney disease .

Gentian - Gentiana (Gentianaceae)
 

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