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European barberry - Berberis vulgaris (L.)

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European barberry - Berberis vulgaris (L.)

Family - Berberidaceae

 

description

 

European barberry or simply Barberry Shrub grows to about 2 m high , spiky , with gray bark , twigs angular , leaves ovate or elliptic , toothed shores , hairy , mounted on very short branches , flowers yellow , in hanging clusters , after touching the rods are traversed in the direction of pistils , fruit - red , elongated berry . It blooms from May to June. Bush can be found on cultivated fields , in forests, in the bushes , hills and meadows . Very unevenly distributed throughout the country. In some areas, plant extremely rare ! (contrary to the prevailing opinion generally ) .


 

Raw .

The raw material is bark - Cortex Berberidis and Root - Radix Berberidis which, however, can be replaced with a surplus of branches (2- 3 -year-old ) - Frondes Berberidis . In addition, use of the leaf and fruit of barberry - Folium et Fructus Berberidis . Leaves should be collected before or at the time of flowering plants .

 

The chemical composition .

Fruits contain malic acid (6.5%) , lemon square (about 5-6 %) , vit. C - about 70 mg/100 g , sugars - about 7% , flavonoids , pigments ( anthocyanins, xanthophylls ) , mineral salts , alkaloids , bitterness , tannins, pectin acid, tartaric acid and others .

Leaves , twigs, bark and roots contain tannins , acids and alkaloids : berberine and barbaminę ( berbaminę ) - about 2-3 % ( average -1-1,5 %.

 

Action: strongly Bile , antispasmodic, antibiotic , astringent ( antidiarrheal ) , krwiotamujące .

Fruits work refreshing , strengthening , expectorant , diuretic , detoxifying and fever .

Indications (fruit ) przeziębieniowe disease , cough , fever , weakness , poisoning , skin diseases , metabolic disorders .

Indications ( leaves , bark, roots , branches ) : vaginal discharge , excessive menstrual bleeding , inflammation of the genital organs , jaundice , liver failure , gallstones , bile stasis after cholecystectomy , pain in the liver, pancreatic and hepato - pancreatic bulb , runny Gastrointestinal , metabolic disorders , gum disease , high blood pressure.

 

The formulations , dosage and application :

- Herbal tea (leaves, fruit) - 100-150 ml 3-4 times the plot ;

- Decoction (bark , twigs, fruit, root) - 100 ml 2 times the plot , in addition to rinse the mouth and throat and genitals in inflammation and zakażeniowych , compresses , and washes . In diseases of the gums ( bleeding , detachment from the teeth ) use lotion with decoction of fruit while drinking the decoction four times a plot of 150 ml of honey.

- Tincture Berberidis - 3-4 times a plot of 5 ml washes to pędzlowań and aft , liszajców , ulcers , wounds, burns , abscesses , pimples , herpes , wet eczema , zajadów , etc., as a lotion - 1 tablespoon tincture of 100 - 150 ml of water , prepared using all the raw materials;

- Alkoholmel Berberidis (fruit + honey liqueur) - 3-4 times a plot of 1 tablespoon of cough , colds , catarrh of the respiratory system and weakened;

· Succus Berberidis (fruit) - 3-4 times a plot of 100-150 ml;

· Sirupus Berberidis (fruit) - 3-4 times the plot or more of 1 tablespoon .

European barberry - Berberis vulgaris (L.)
 

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