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Cranesbills - Geranium (Geraniaceae)

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Cranesbills - Geranium (Geraniaceae)

description

1 Geranium smelly - Geranium robertianum - a plant with a specific , strong, pleasant smell , stem simple frutescens , reddish , swollen at the nodes , adenoid odstająco hairy , leaves pierzasto - slashing 3 -5- brave ; sections pierzasto double - slashing , peak - długoogonkowy ; side - almost sitting ; foliage parallel, flower stalks in the leaf axils , 2- flower , sepals 5, huddling , hairy , długoościstych ; petals crown 5, jasnopurpurowych , with three white stripes , obovate , 1-2 times longer than the sepals . Biennial growing up to 30-50 cm high blooms from June to September. Fruit - Schizocarp five - fold, Rozłupki of fishbone . In Poland, very common in the lowlands and mountains up to 1700 m above sea level It occurs in damp , shady forests , in thickets , in ziołoroślach , on the slopes , the rivers , the roads , orchards .


 

2 Bloody or red geranium - Geranium sanguineum - a perennial plant growing up to 40 cm in height , stem widely branched odstająco and long- hairy , leaves the lower 7- brave ; sections of leaf 3 - or more brave ; episodes last row równowąskolancetowate , almost entire edges ; stems jednokwiatowe , flowers large Pale or purple , petals wide, obovate , on top of the cut , two times as long as sepals , fruit - Schizocarp . It blooms from May to July. It occurs in dry thickets , forests , on the sunny slopes, the roads , common throughout the country.

For medicinal purposes are also suitable : Meadow Geranium - Geranium pratense , stem erect, frutescens , up odstająco adenoid hairy , leaves 7- brave , the sections of the diamond , pierzastowrębnych , serrated , flowers after 2 or more stalks , stems hairy adenoid , the flowering bent down , the plot of the three vascular bundles , shorter than the petals , petals szerokojajowate , big , blue or lilac , thread rods at the base szerokojajowate , the rest of the nitkowato narrowed , height of 100 cm , blooms from June to September , there is a Poland; grows in meadows , forests , for balk , and roadsides , on the slopes and ziołoroślach , and finally fine - geranium Geranium pusillum - annual plant grows up to 50 cm in height , stem distributed , leaves 7-9 - dłoniastodzielne ; sections jajowatoklinowate , pink or light purple flowers , the blooming bent down ; sepals completed a short fishbone ; corolla petals obovate , slightly cut down at the base ciliate , stamens 10; blooms from May to August ; plant common throughout the country.

All of the geraniums have the same medicinal properties.

Raw

The raw material is a herb and root - Herb et Radix geranium . These are the raw materials pharmacopoeial , which is not covered by our FP can not be bought in pharmacies and herbal stores , you have to collect it yourself from the natural state or on its own soil . Herb collected during the flowering period , spread a single layer on a mesh or paper (you can also hang on a string ), dried in a ventilated area , at normal temperature , then they and pours into sealed containers . The roots are dug out in spring or autumn .

 

The chemical composition

Herb contains flavonoids , volatile oil , tannin about 5%) , bitterness (e.g. geraniinę ) , alkaloids , glycosides , organic acids ( valeric acid , tartaric acid, acetic acid , coffee ), vitamins, such as vitamin . C - 100 mg/100 g , minerals, active enzymes and dyes . The roots contain as many as 44 % of tannins .

 

Operation and use

Geraniums work against bruises, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic , diuretic , cholagogue , expectorant , enhance the secretion of digestive juices , increases appetite , help digestion, cure diarrhea , seal blood vessels , there are also reassuring .

Indications : flatulence , dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease , belching, feeling of fullness in the stomach , abnormal intestinal motility , oliguria , gastrointestinal inflammation , excessive menstrual bleeding , vaginal discharge .

Externally ( wraps , wash, bath , lotion ) : inflammation of the mouth and throat and vagina and labia ( hip-bath ; , seborrhea , acnes , abscesses , burns , wounds , ulcers , erosions , eczema , impetigo , greasy hair with oily dandruff , hyperhidrosis, herpes , eczema.

Infusion: 2 tablespoons herb pour 2 cups boiling water , let stand for 20 minutes . , Strain. Drink 3-4 times a plot of 100 ml of children 1 year of age . ( 9-10 kg) - 12 ml, 3 years of age . (about 15 kg ) - 20 ml , 7 years of age . (about 24 kg ) - 34 ml, 10 years of age . (about 32 kg ) - 45 ml, 15 years of age . (about 54 kg ) - 77 ml , 3-4 times the plot

A decoction of the root : root pour 2 tablespoons of 450 ml of water , boil 10 minutes , let stand for 20 minutes , add the missing amount of water , then strain . Take as an infusion or applied externally .

Geranium plant tincture - tincture geranium : half cups root or herb pour 400 ml of vodka , macerate 14 days ; filter. Take 3-4 times a plot of 1-2 teaspoons in 50 ml of water or applied topically .

Notes ! . Not to increase the dose , pregnant women can not use geranium , not given to infants (under 12 months ) .

 

Rp . mix GACP

  • Herb Geranium - 1 tbsp
  • Alder bark or leaves - 1 tbsp
  • Marigold flower - 2 tbsp
  • Herb knotweed (no matter which one) - 1 tablespoon

Raw Mix } pour 3 cups of water , boil 3 minutes , let stand for 20 minutes , strain. Drink 3 times a plot of 150 ml of Children: 1 year of age . - 19 ml , 3 years of age . - 30 ml , 7 years of age . - 50 ml, 15 years of age . - 115 ml , 2-3 times the plot

Indications : acute diarrhea , dyspepsia , digestive disorders , vaginal discharge ( or hip-bath lotion and simultaneously drinking a decoction ) , galactorrhoea , excessive menstrual bleeding , bleeding pozamiesiączkowe , stomatitis , periosteum and throat ( gargle and swallow at the same time 3-4 sips , abscess or przyzębny the tooth was extracted , but after cleaning .

Cranesbills - Geranium (Geraniaceae)
 

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