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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Cornflower, starthistles, knapweed, basketflowers - Centaurea (Compositae)

Cornflower, starthistles, knapweed, basketflowers - Centaurea (Compositae)


Cornflower, starthistles, knapweed, basketflowers - Centaurea (Compositae)


Cornflower - Centaurea cyanus or blue - annual or biennial plant , growing up to 80 cm high , leaves equally narrow or narrowly lanceolate, sometimes lower pierzasto brave , flower baskets on top of the stem , flowers all tubular , the marginal larger, vain , blue , internal smaller, bisexual , fertile, deep purple , fruit - achene with down socket . The plant common throughout the country. There is a sowing of winter cereals on the balk and roadsides . It blooms from May to October.

Cornflower Meadow (shot through) - Centaurae jacea - a perennial plant growing up to 80 cm high , middle and upper leaves undivided , lanceolate or ovate, entire edges or serrated , or deeply indented , lower - sino- pinnate ; baskets with spherical pile ; flowers marginal , funnel-shaped , vain , bland , middle tubular , liliowopurpurowe ; fruits are achenes obovate . This species is very variable , it produces many forms and varieties , depending on environmental conditions . It occurs in meadows, pastures , on dry slopes, on roadsides , in abandoned fields , like soil , heavy , greasy clay . It blooms from June to October ,


Not to be confused (!) Of Cornflower rakiewnikiem ( Mucuna ) - C. scabiosa - leaves unevenly double or single pierzasto - slashing , the color purple flowers , blooms from July to September , height of 100 cm .



The raw material is a flower Cornflower   or more accurately, Flos Centaureae We define a name depending on the species of the flower comes , Flos Flos Cyani or Jeceae . Breaks only freshly bloomed flowers or just blooming . Flowers are dried in a dark place only spread very thin layer on the paper. Raw material after crushing stored in lightproof containers.


The chemical composition

The flowers are flavonoids, glycosides (centauryna , cichoryna , Cyanine - to 0.7 % - sensitive to light !) , Mineral salts - 11% (magnesium, manganese, potassium, ascorbic quarter, locks, tannins and square coffee.


Cyanine also called cyanine - in the hydrolysis gives us cyjanidynę aglycone and glucose.


Operation and use

Extracts of Centaurea work cholagogue shielding ( coating ) , antibacterial , antitussive , anti-inflammatory, sedative , diuretic , slightly diaphoretic , regulate bowel movements and stimulate menstrual flow .

Indications: oliguria , edema , digestive disorders, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract , nephritis , inflammatory conjunctivitis , eye strain , cough, colds, insomnia in infants , scanty and irregular menstrual bleeding , inflammation of the eye and throat , constipation .

Infusion: pour 2 tablespoons of flowers 200 ml of boiling water , leave for 20 minutes and strain. Drink 3-4 times a plot of 150-200 ml } babies - 6-7 ml children - 50-100 ml , 3-4 times the plot

The diseased eyes do wraps infusion three times a plot of five minutes or longer. Infants flush eyes with a weak infusion cornflower ( 1 tablespoon per 200 ml of boiling water ) .

Tincture Cornflower - tincture Centaureae : half cups dry flowers pour 300 ml of vodka , macerate 14 days ; filter. Take 2-3 times a plot of 1 tablespoon in 50 ml of water. Tincture flush skin in order to whiten and disinfect . Externally applied anti-inflammatory effect . Cholagogic orally ingested, diuretic , sedative .

Rp . ACCT Potion

  • The infusion of wormwood - 20 ml
  • Infusion of Cornflower - 50 ml
  • Infusion of celandine - 50 ml
  • The infusion of tansy - 30 ml

Liquids stir and drink immediately . Use morning and evening.

Indications , lack of menstruation, scanty and irregular menstrual bleeding , biliary colic and intestinal , gastric neurosis , inadequate secretion of bile , pancreatic and liver disease , severe digestive disorders.

Caution! Strong medicine.

Cornflower, starthistles, knapweed, basketflowers - Centaurea (Compositae)

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