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Burnet smaller and larger - Pimpinella Saxifraga et Pimpinella major (Umbelliferae)

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Burnet smaller and larger - Pimpinella Saxifraga et Pimpinella major (Umbelliferae)

description

Greater Burnet-saxifrage or Hollowstem Burnet Saxifrage, Burnet is a perennial plant less frequently encountered on dry slopes , meadows , clearings and in dry forests and thickets , like stony , almost leafless stem top , longitudinally lined , with no deep grooves , straight , cylindrical , frutescens , shortly pubescent , leaves one pierzastodzielne ; sections kolistojajowate basal leaves , undivided , serrated shore , sitting , wrębne or dividends ; sections of upper leaves pierzastodzielne , a second-order sections równowąskich or lancetowato - równowąskich ; umbels of 10-15 thin stalks , caps and lids absence , crown white; petals hairy , ciliate on the edges ; Rozłupki naked , clearly from the sides flattened , interconnected narrow surface. It blooms from June to September.


 

Greater burnet found in lowlands and mountains , as the plant moist thickets , edges of woods, meadows and tall herb . Perennial , 1 m height of stem sharp ray band , top branched , root fusiform , branched , with a pungent odor and specific piekąco - pungent taste ; Petiolated odziomkowe list , one by one , sometimes twice pinnate , with 2-4 pairs of leaflets podłużnojajowatych , length 7 cm stem leaves smaller , pochwiaste , flowers white , rarely pinkish , in baldachach ; Schizocarp double , length and 3.5 mm .

 

Raw

The raw material are the root and leaves - Radix et Folium Pimpinellae . The roots dug in the spring , late summer or autumn , fast wash, dry it and cut lengthwise into strips , dry it in a normal or elevated (open oven heated to a temperature of 60-70 ° C) temperature. As for the list, collect them in this time of flowering plants , the best string them on a thread and hung to dry , because they like to infuse and darken . Dry materials (squeezed in the hand with a snap crumble and scatter ) to grind and mill stored in airtight jars.

 

The chemical composition

Raw materials include essential oil - up to 0.5 %, and the coumarin derivatives : pimpinellina , izopimpinellina , bergapten and umbelliferone , in addition resins , tannins , organic acids , carbohydrates, cornea , and saponins .

 

Operation and use

Extracts of raw materials work expectorant , relaxant , przeciwastmatycznie , diuretic , antiseptic , gastrointestinal and warming .

 

Indications: inflammation and respiratory zakażeniowe , hoarseness , oliguria , inflammation of the bladder and urethra , dyspepsia , flatulence, intestinal cramps , skin problems ( acne or psoriasis) , stagnation and insufficient secretion of bile , menstrual disorders (irregular and scanty ) discharge ( at the same time use sitz baths ) , vegetative neurosis , bronchial asthma , difficulty breathing, coughing .

 

Contraindications : pregnancy ( in large doses can cause uterine contractions and miscarriage ! ) .

 

Infusion: 2 tablespoons dried minced leaves or roots pour 400 ml of boiling water , leave for 20 minutes and strain. Drink four times a plot of 200 ml of Children: 1 year of age . - 1 tablespoon , 3 years of age . (about 15 kg ) - 40 ml , 7 years of age . (about 24 kg ) - 60 ml , 10 r f . ( about 29 kg) - 80 ml, 15 years of age . - 140 ml , 3-4 times the plot

 

Decoction : 2 tablespoons roots Recommendation 2 cups of water , boil for 5 minutes and let stand for 20 minutes , strain. Drink a brew .

 

Infusion milk 2 tablespoons roots pour 2 cups of boiling milk , let stand for 15 minutes , strain , sweeten with honey. Drink water and herbal tea .

 

Tincture burnet -  tincture Pimpinellae : half cups of roots or leaves pour 400 ml of vodka , macerate 14 days ; filter. Take 3-4 times a plot of 1 teaspoon ( the neuroses take one tablespoon of tincture 1-2 times the plot in 50 ml of water ) in water or milk .

 

Alkoholmel Pimpinellae to 100 ml of liquor pour 100 ml of honey mix. Take 3-4 times a plot of 1 tablespoon as a tonic and expectorant . Children sweeten the hot milk processed equivalently .

 

The diluted tincture ( 1 tablespoon tincture in 150 ml of water ) or aqueous extracts of raw rinse mouth and throat with inflammation . From the fresh root can intrakt device and use as a tincture ( a half cups of fresh minced raw pour 400 ml of hot alcohol, digest 10 days ; filter ) .

 

The medicinal rub in (myalgia , nerve and arthropods pain, colds, inflammation of the respiratory tract, cold , infectious diseases) use burnet oil - Oleum Pimpinellae ( half cups of dry or fresh root pour 200 ml of hot oil , such as sunflower digest 14 days ; filter ) . In diseases of the general rub oil : feet up to the ankles , back, abdomen , chest and neck , two times the plot

 

Burnet oil is an excellent seasoning for various dishes (salads , meat dishes ) .

Burnet smaller and larger - Pimpinella Saxifraga et Pimpinella major (Umbelliferae)
 

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