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Home Masters dr Henryk Rozanski Herbs Hogweed or common hogweed - Heracleum sphondylium (L.)

Hogweed or common hogweed - Heracleum sphondylium (L.)


Hogweed or common hogweed  - Heracleum sphondylium (L.)

Borsch Meadow (Siberian) - Heracleum sibiricum (L.)

Family - Umbelliferae


Borsch ordinary - a perennial plant growing up to 150 cm in height, root long, branched, Rhizome short, yellow or white, fragrant, stem band, roughly hairy, branched above, ribbed, strong, lower leaves very large, pierzasto - brave, with 2-3 pairs of longitudinal and lateral segments ovate pierzastowrębnym section peak, hairy, leaf sheath large, distended; rynienkowate petioles, leaves the upper trójklapowe; sections of the lower pair krótkoogonkowe or sitting ; sections of the upper pair pierzastowrębne, unevenly toothed; flowers , they will focus on large umbels 15- 20 - radial, white or pink flowers, petals unequal, the marginal umbel flowers petals radially extended, no cover or two, cover numerous, lanceolate, hairy ovary , fruit - Schizocarp, elliptical, ovoid - round, flattened, winged Rozłupki (wąsko!), elongated . It blooms from June to October. He likes moist soil , nitrogen . You can find it in the woods, the meadows , the rivers and streams , in the bushes and on the high meadows . It grows commonly in the vicinity of Baranov and Sandomierz , in Zamosc in the south- western part of our country, in Galicia, in the central Polish and in the mountains, in the Bieszczady mountains and forests of the Low Beskid .

Siberian Borsch - a perennial plant growing up to 120 cm high, similar to the soup very ordinary. Only the flowers are different, namely yellowish, smaller, petals nearly equal in length, covers missing, the lid quickly fall; ovaries naked (!). It flowers in July. It grows in forests, in thickets and meadows , common in the northern , north- eastern and central part of the Polish, the Carpathian common.

Caution! In the last few years (when I wrote this was the early '90s) was a problem that affects barszczy and requires some explanation. Now, in the second half of the seventies brought to the Polish borscht new species , namely Heracleum sosnowsky (Manden.) . It was widely cultivated by WOPR-y as fodder for silage (the yield was approximately 800-1000 quintals per hectare) . In our climate , however, turned out to be useless plant, indeed - even dangerous for pets (gastrointestinal irritation , diarrhea , nausea, internal bleeding) and the same for the people (inflammation of the skin , blisters filled with serous fluid, conjunctivitis, runny nose, sneezing , etc.  . So it grows in and around the state farms , etc. agricultural centers (mainly), but it certainly will spread to other areas . Thus, if one decides to set borscht conjunction . and Siberian medicinal purposes must be distinguished from the soup Sosnowski , who gives off irritating substances, and it is not an easy thing . Beetroot medical exhibit high volatility and break up into a number of subgenres , chemotypes , race, region difficult to determine . Borsch Sosnowski grows up to 300 cm height , stem deeply longitudinally striate, sparsely hairy (pubescent are harder petiole ), the lower leaves triangular in outline, the upper - feathery complex, accompanied by a sheath, inflorescence - dense umbel, calyx 5 - feed ; crown 5 - lobed, white, post 1 ; fruit - Schizocarp with two rozłupkami. Umbels are huge, which throws up especially in the eyes.


The raw material is a leaf , root and fruit - Folium , Radix et Fructus Heracleia sphondylii sive Fol . , Rad . et Fr. Raw Sphondylii dried at 40 ° C. The roots can be dried at a temperature of about 60 ° C.

The chemical composition

Raw materials include essential oil (fruit - up to 3 %, leaves and roots - about 0.2-0.3 %) , flavonoids ( rutin much ) , coumarin compounds , amino acids -arginine and glutamine , also bergapten , carotenoids , resins, pimpinellinę , sfondynę , umbelliferone , izopimpinellinę , various salts, acids and vitamins.

Action: photosensitizing , expectorant , digestive , carminative , anti-inflammatory , antiseptic , sedative, Bile , nourishing and strengthening , diuretic , sealing blood vessels.

Indications: cough (dry) , cold , infectious diseases , diseases of the liver and gallbladder , digestive disorders, inflammation of the airways and lungs , diarrhea, gastric neurosis . Photosensitizing properties can be used in the treatment of acne and psoriasis ( drinking and use of external infusion ) . The well-known herbalist W. Poprzęcki recommended borscht skin ulcers and abscesses .

Contraindications : pregnancy, allergic to the plant , bloody diarrhea , hematuria .

The formulations , dosage and application :

· Infusion - 3-4 times a plot of 100 ml, a cough and catarrh of the respiratory system - every 4 hours . 50 ml rinse - inflammation of the mouth and throat and genital organs wraps, rinsing.


· Pulvis Heracleia ( leaf, fruit or root ) - 3 times a plot of half a teaspoon .


· Cutipulvis Heracleia ( korzeń! ) - the filling of wounds, ulcers , eczema wet .


· Mel Heracleia - four times the plot of 1 tablespoon in cough medicine or as a tonic.


· Extractum Heracleia on vodka : the pędzlowań and washes diseased sites ; mouth - a cough - 4-6 times a plot of 20 drops in 50 ml of water or milk with honey, the other conditions - three times a plot of half a teaspoon in 50 mL water , lotion , compresses diluted - 15 ml + 200 ml of extract water.


· Alkoholmel Heracleia - as a tonic and expectorant - 3-4 times a plot of 15 ml .

Hogweed or common hogweed - Heracleum sphondylium (L.)

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