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The taste of electrons? So what should I know about antioxidation? Part 1

Medical Center, Dr. Michalak Underground Medicine Newsletter ----- ----- -------------------------------------------------- -------------------- The taste of electrons? So what should I know about antioxidants? Part 1:

In the next four numbers, I would like to raise the subject very underestimated when it comes to the importance of the problem, which is the balance of oxidation-reduksyjna referred to as the redox balance. I'd like to first of all issues related to the role of the so-called. antioxidants in our diet.

Let us recall briefly what is the essence of the redox balance?

Different substances could be saturated with varying degrees of electrons, or they have different deficits. Electrons have a negative charge, so if a chemical is saturated beyond measure, we say that it has a negative redox potential, if they lack - a positive redox potential. This potential is measured in volts formally, although individual potentials measured in a relative comparison with the potential of zero was adopted in a conventional way. If a substance has a positive potential, which has a deficit active electrons, we say it is oxidized. If, however, has a negative potential, we say that is heavily saturated with electrons, which is reduced.

Substances that are very deprived of electrons (oxidized), may take it from other molecules. Same if they are reduced. These and other molecules are oxidized. And vice versa. Substances that are saturated with electrons (reduced) can be donate, or undergo oxidation. A molecule that these electrons the other hand is reduced.

Thus we see that such reactions are always coupled, as something is oxidized, something else is reduced. Oxidizer - oxidizes another substance itself is reducing, reducing agent - reduces another substance yourself to oxidize.


Let's look at the simplest substances, such as metals. As We know some of them may occur at different degrees of oxidation,
such as iron can occur in oxidation of Fe2 + and Fe 3 +, copper may act as Cu1 + and Cu2 +, manganese as Mn 2 +, Mn4 +, MN6 and MN7 + + chromium as Cr3 + and Cr6 +. The number of the plus sign here means valency, the size of the deficit of electrons in the arts every atom. The higher the value, the more oxidized is the atom. Metals in different oxidation states have very different biological properties. For example, iron is only absorbed as Fe2 +. However, it is spontaneously oxidized to Fe 3 +. Thence large role of vitamin C as an antioxidant. Can it be reduced Fe3 + iron back to Fe 2 + (alone of course, oxidizing) and improve its bioavailability.

In the case of chromium - an appropriate form of a digestible and nutritious Cr3 + form. The figure of Cr6 + is, however, also be absorbed, but is highly toxic. There are also forms of chromium Cr2 + and CR4 + However, they are very unstable, depending on the company quickly
they pass to 3 or 6. As for manganese - a form used by the body is Mn2 +. An example of the form MN7 + potassium permanganate is commonly used in very small dilutions to disinfect. This follows from the fact that It is readily reduced to the lower forms, or other easily oxidized substances such as bacteria or fungi. Also, copper is present in the body primarily as a form of Cu1 + and Cu2 + did not. Thus we see that there emerges a rule:

*** Metals are present in the body primarily in the less stable reduced form ***

I think that this is not accidental. This follows from the fact that while in the active center in the state of higher saturation electron they are easier to catalyze various chemical reactions, in particular, redox reactions.

Second, let's look at oxygen, as around him turns up the majority of the redox reaction. Oxygen occurs in nature in two oxidation states: as a gas at zero oxidation state O2 (0) as well as water in oxidation '-2': O (2 -). The form of gas is form a very strong oxidizing. That is a very It readily receives electrons to other substances (at the same reducing). Particularly easily oxidized form of singlet oxygen O that is not linked to O-2 molecule. The main way of raising energy in the human body is the combustion of substances fuel (sugar, fat). In a nutshell, it can be distinguished two phases: 1) extracting hydrogen from the fuel H 2) the combustion of hydrogen with oxygen (oxidation of H (0) -> H (1 +) coupled with a large storage energy part of this process in high-energy ATP molecules.

tbc ...

MD Piotr Krzysztof Michalak ---- To receive the Newsletter, please visit and Enter your email address. --- If you believe that someone of your friends would add to the information from this Bulletin - send it to him now that e-mails ... ---
The taste of electrons? So what should I know about antioxidation? Part 1

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W 2005 z powodu cukrzycy zmarło 1,1 mln ludzi.
Według Światowej Organizacji Zdrowia (WHO)
na świecie na cukrzycę choruje 180 mln ludzi,
a do roku 2030 r. ich liczba będzie ponad dwa razy wyższa.